How people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease perceive their illness: a qualitative study between mind and body

Eleonora Volpato, Francesco Pagnini, Chiara Valota, Paolo Innocente Banfi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Background Although many studies on people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) have examined the mutual impact of physical status and emotional experience, there is limited knowledge about the way COPD people first-hand perceive their condition. This study was designed to investigate the illness perceptions of the patients and, secondarily, to explore their beliefs about the mind-body relationship. Methods This qualitative study has exploited an ad-hoc semi-structured interview to collect personal perspectives of participants on their illness. Twenty-seven patients (15 males and 12 females), with a mild to severe COPD, were recruited within the Respiratory Rehabilitation Unit of Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, in Milan. The thematic analysis of the interviews’ content was facilitated by NVivo (12th version, QSR International®). Results The thematic analysis of the corpus resulted in four master themes. Illness experience has been considered the primary one. Indeed, dealing with COPD every day allows these people to portray a specific representation of the mind-body relationship, to gain a certain degree of expertise and to develop a perspective on the future. Conclusions Individual perceptions of the illness vary among people with COPD, but some common experiences characterize them. Many patients share a profound belief that their mental state and their physical symptoms are highly interrelated.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)120-131
Numero di pagine12
RivistaBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volume20
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Illness perception
  • Mind/body connection
  • Patient’s experience
  • Qualitative research

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