Introduction Detection of pathogenic variants in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer-related breast cancer type 1 and type 2 susceptibility proteins (BRCA1/2) genes is an effective strategy in cancer prevention and treatment. Some ethnic and geographical regions show different BRCA1/2 mutation spectrum and prevalence. In Italy, elucidation of founder effect in BRCA1/2 genes can have an impact on the management of hereditary cancer families on a healthcare system level, making genetic testing more affordable and cost effective in certain regions. Methods The purpose of this paper is to develop a rapid, low-cost, high-throughput single-tube technology for genotyping the Italian founder mutation c.4964_4982del19 (rs80359876) in the BRCA1 gene, starting from peripheral blood and/or buccal swab DNA. Results Heterozygote samples for c.4964_4982del19 variant were easily and unambiguously identified by the altered shape of the melting curves and were clearly distinguished by a change in melting temperature that differed by approximately 5 degrees C. The same results were obtained both with DNA from peripheral blood than buccal swab. Conclusions We provide evidence about application of high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) in unambiguously genotyping of the founder BRCA1 c.4964_4982del19 variant (rs80359876) in individuals from the Calabria region of Italy. In fact, HRMA was confirmed to be particularly suitable for the identification of BRCA1 c.4964_4982del19 variant, making this approach useful in clinical molecular diagnostics.
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