High prevalence of constipation and reduced quality of life in opioid-dependent patients treated with opioid substitution treatments.

Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Addolorato, Antonio Mirijello, Fabio Lugoboni, Lorenzo Zamboni, Marco Faccini, Rebecca Casari, Anthony Cossari, C. Arzillo, N. Bersani, P. Bersani, C. Biasin, C. Bossi, A. Bottazzo, A. Bove, F. Cantanchin, D. Cantiero, G. Canzian, D. Cargnelutti, M. CibinL. De Cecco, E. Dellantonio, F. Dersini, M. Fadelli, E. Favero, N. Fontana, A. Franceschini, M. Gaiga, M. Gardiolo, N. Gentile, N. Ghezzo, M. A. Giacomin, E. Manzato, M. Mazzo, D. Meneghello, C. Mihalcea, E. Milan, M. Montresor, A. Pani, V. Pavani, C. Resentera, M. Residori, P. Righetti, M. A. Ripoli, P. Riscica, C. Rizza, V. Rizzetto, A. Rossi, A. Rovea, A. Ruffato, C. Ruzziconi, N. Sembianti, C. Smacchia, C. Stimolo, E. Zerbetto, M. Zerman

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

8 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate prevalence and severity of constipation and quality of life (QoL) in a cohort of opioid-addicted patients treated with opioid substitution treatments (OST). METHODS: A total of 1057 heroin-dependent patients treated with methadone or buprenorphine were enrolled in a multicenter observational study. Constipation was assessed by Wexner Constipation Scoring System (Wexner CSS), QoL by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). RESULTS: 38.5% patients reported mild constipation, 33.3% reported moderate constipation, 14.8% severe constipation and 5.1% very severe constipation. Mean Wexner CSS score was 6.6 ± 4.8. 44.9% patients showed a GHQ-12 score ≥14; of these 18.3% patients showed a GHQ-12 score ≥20. Mean GHQ score was 13.8 ± 6.5. Mean Wexner CSS score was significantly higher in methadone patients (p = 0.004), in those taking psychoactive drugs (p = 0.0001) and in female (p < 0.0001) with respect to counterparts. Similarly, GHQ-12 mean scores were higher methadone group (p = 0.003), in those taking psychoactive drugs (p < 0.0001), and in female (p = 0.039) with respect to counterparts. ANOVA and ANCOVA showed a significant influence of methadone and female gender on Wexner CSS score while psychoactive drugs significantly influenced both tests. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that patients affected by opioid-dependence in OST with methadone and buprenorphine have a high prevalence of constipation and reduced QoL.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2135-2141
Numero di pagine7
RivistaEXPERT OPINION ON PHARMACOTHERAPY
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • opioids

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