High-performing structural optimization of graphene quantum dots as glyphosate herbicide photoluminescent probes: real case studies and mechanism insights

Slađana Dorontić, Aurelio Bonasera, Michelangelo Scopelliti, Olivera Marković, Tatjana Verbić, Dušan Sredojević, Gabriele Ciasca, Riccardo Di Santo, James L. Mead, Milica Budimir, Danica Bajuk-Bogdanović, Marija Mojsin, Jelena Pejić, Milena Stevanović, Svetlana Jovanović

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

The widespread usage of the herbicide glyphosate calls for urgent action, aiming at the development of new, simple, low-cost, and eco-friendly detection approaches. In the last decade, investigation of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) as potential optical probes for various pollutants rapidly grew, thanks to their easy-manipulative structure, remarkable photoluminescence (PL) in the visible part of the spectrum, good dispersibility, biocompatibility, and non-toxicity, as well. Herein, a fast, simple, and environmentally friendly method for GQDs structural modification is presented. GQDs raw powder was exposed to γ- rays at three different doses (100, 200, and 300 kGy) in air, without any solvent or reagents. Irradiation of dots under such affordable conditions led to the additional incorporation of oxygen-containing moieties in the GQD structure. For the first time, oxygen-rich GQDs irradiated at a 300 kGy dose were successfully applied as direct turn-off PL probe for glyphosate detection. The high coefficient of determination (R-squared (R2) = 0.99) and very low limit of detection (3.02 μmol L-1) reveal good linearity between the potential sensor and analyte, as well as sensitivity. Glyphosate was successfully detected in celery samples, with a recovery value of 107 ± 0.85%. To evaluate the biological safety of the proposed sensing probe, [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] (MTT) and the hemolysis assays were performed. Obtained results show that irradiated and non-irradiated GQDs did not cause the death of MRC-5 cells, and hemolysis of erythrocytes. The obtained results demonstrate that GQDs irradiated in an air medium can be potentially applied for glyphosate detection.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume12
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2024

Keywords

  • Environments pollutants
  • Gamma irradiation
  • Glyphosate
  • Graphene quantum dots
  • Photoluminescence detection

Fingerprint

Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'High-performing structural optimization of graphene quantum dots as glyphosate herbicide photoluminescent probes: real case studies and mechanism insights'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo