Data on somatic heterogeneity and germlineâsomatic interaction in multiple primary melanoma (MPM) patients are limited. We investigated the mutational status of BRAF, NRAS, and TERT promoter genes in 97 melanomas of 44 MPM patients and compared molecular and immunohistochemical findings. We further evaluated the association of somatic alterations with the germline MC1R genotype. Mutations in BRAF gene were identified in 41.2% (40/97) of melanomas, in NRAS in 2.1% (2/97), and in TERT promoter in 19.6% (19/97). Distribution of BRAF mutations did not differ across multiple melanomas (P = 0.85), whereas TERT promoter changes decreased from first to subsequent melanomas (P = 0.04). Intrapatient discrepancy of BRAF mutations among multiple tumors was detected in 14 of 44 MPM patients (32%) and of BRAF/NRAS/TERT promoter genes in 20 of 44 (45%). We observed a high rate of agreement between allele-specific TaqMan assay and immunohistochemistry in BRAFV600Edetection (Îº = 0.83, P < 0.01) with 86 of 97 melanomas (88.7%) presenting similar BRAF status. Germline MC1R variants were identified in 81.4% (35/43) of MPM patients with no association of MC1R genotype with somatic mutations or with intrapatient concordance of somatic mutational profile. Our results support the genetic diversity of multiple melanomas and show that somatic heterogeneity is not influenced by inherited MC1R variants. Immunohistochemistry may be useful as an initial screening test.