Hereditary inclusion-body myopathies

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24 Citazioni (Scopus)


The term hereditary inclusion-body myopathies (HIBMs) defines a group of rare muscle disorders with autosomal recessive or dominant inheritance and presence of muscle fibers with rimmed vacuoles and collection of cytoplasmic or nuclear 15-21. nm diameter tubulofilaments as revealed by muscle biopsy. The most common form of HIBM is due to mutations of the GNE gene that codes for a rate-limiting enzyme in the sialic acid biosynthetic pathway. This results in abnormal sialylation of glycoproteins that possibly leads to muscle fiber degeneration. Mutations of the valosin containing protein are instead responsible for hereditary inclusion-body myopathy with Paget's disease of the bone and frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD), with these three phenotypic features having a variable penetrance. IBMPFD probably represents a disorder of abnormal cellular trafficking of proteins and maturation of the autophagosome. HIBM with congenital joint contractures and external ophthalmoplegia is due to mutations of the Myosin Heavy Chain IIa gene that exerts a pathogenic effect through interference with filament assembly or functional defects in ATPase activity. This review illustrates the clinical and pathologic characteristics of HIBMs and the main clues available to date concerning the possible pathogenic mechanisms and therapeutic perspectives of these disorders. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Neuromuscular Diseases: Pathology and Molecular Pathogenesis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)644-650
Numero di pagine7
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015


  • Animals
  • Contracture
  • Frontotemporal Dementia
  • GNE myopathy
  • HIBM
  • Humans
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal
  • Muscular Dystrophies, Limb-Girdle
  • Mutation
  • Myosin Heavy Chain
  • Myosin Heavy Chains
  • Myositis, Inclusion Body
  • N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
  • Ophthalmoplegia
  • Osteitis Deformans
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • VCP


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