HBHA is a mycobacterial cell surface protein that mediates adhesion to epithelial cells and that has been implicated in the dissemination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) from the site of primary infection. In this work, we demonstrate that HBHA is able to bind G-actin whereas its shorter form, deprived of the lysine-rich C-terminal region (HBHAΔC), does not bind. Consistently, interaction of actin with HBHA is competitive with heparin binding. Notably, we also observe that HBHA, but not HBHAΔC, clearly hampers G-actin polymerisation into F-actin filaments. Since Mtb escapes from the phagosome into the cytosol of host cells, where it can persist and replicate, HBHA is properly localised on the bacterial surface to regulate the dynamic process of cytoskeleton formation driven by actin polymerisation and depolymerisation.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2011|
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- Protein Conformation