Studies were performed in 26 patients on regular dialysis treatment with cuprophane (CU), polymethylmetacrilate (PMMA) or cuprammonium (CAM) dialyzers. Controls were six patients with chronic renal failure but not on regular dialysis treatment (CRF) and six healthy subjects (N). Blood was collected at the start (T0), and at 15 (T15) and 240 (T240) minutes of dialysis to measure the serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) concentration and to study HGF production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro. The form of HGF (that is, inactive/monomeric, active/dimeric) present in the serum was analyzed by immunoblotting. In addition, the ability of serum to stimulate proliferation of tubular cells (HK-2) and HGF release by PBMC and fibroblasts (MRC-5) was investigated. At T0, serum HGF levels were identical to that of the controls. In patients treated with CU, serum HGF rose from 0.24 ng/ml at T0 to 7.44 ng/ml at T15, and remained high at T240. PBMC collected at T15 and T240 released significantly more HGF in vitro than those collected at T0. Serum at T15 stimulated proliferation of HK-2 cells and the release of HGF by PBMC and MRC-5 cells. The PMMA and CAM dialyzers had similar effects as the CU. These results indicate that dialysis induces a striking rise in serum HGF and a prompt circulation of factor(s) stimulating HGF release. Dialysis-activated PBMC release HGF.
- Acute renal failure
- Peripheral blood mononuclear cells