In a country like Portugal where life expectancy is very high, Health Promotion for Older People (HP4OP) is a relevant issue and specific strategies are considered within priority health programmes defined at the national level by the Directorate-General of Health on behalf of the Ministry of Health. The National Health Plan 2016–2020 includes directives to facilitate health promotion and access to health and social services, as well as to reduce the burden of chronic diseases. HP4OP funds and resources derive mainly from the Ministry of Health and also from the Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security. Moreover, institutions can access European and other funds to develop projects in this field and some municipalities also finance projects and initiatives. Health plans, strategies and programmes outlined at the national level are adopted by Regional Health Administrations and the Groups of Health Centres guide implementation at the local level through dedicated units that work within the primary health care context. The integration of both social and health actions in terms of HP4OP depends on collaboration between the Ministry of Health; the Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security; municipalities; institutions in the cooperative and social sector and other stakeholders such as families, educational institutions, religious communities and health professionals. As a whole, health promotion policies for the older people in Portugal tackle the social determinants of health too. Nevertheless, a systematic approach and an integrated strategy to tackle HP4OP might constitute an important condition for the full implementation of such policies. Additionally, fragmentation of initiatives at the regional and local levels, together with other barriers to addressing health promotion activities among health professionals, might lead to the non-homogeneous implementation of interventions of HP4OP throughout the country. It is expected that many of these constraints will be overcome with the launch and implementation of the intersectoral National Strategy for the Promotion of Active Ageing from 2017.
|Numero di pagine
|ZESZYTY NAUKOWE OCHRONY ZDROWIA, ZDROWIE PUBLICZNE I ZARZADZANIE
|Stato di pubblicazione
|Pubblicato - 2017
- Health Promotion, elderly, Public Health, healthy ageing, policy, Portugal