Headache in the Workplace: Analysis of Factors Influencing Headaches in Terms of Productivity and Health

Nicola Magnavita

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review


Headache is a very common condition that can have a significant impact on work. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of headaches and their impact on a sample of 1076 workers from 18 small companies operating in different sectors. The workers who volunteered to participate were asked to fill in the Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) and answer questions designed to assess stressful and traumatic factors potentially associated with headaches. The volunteers subsequently underwent a medical examination and tests for diagnosing metabolic syndrome. Out of the 1044 workers who completed the questionnaire (participation rate = 97%), 509 (48.8%) reported suffering from headaches. In a multivariate logistic regression model, female gender, recent bereavement, intrusive leadership, and sleep problems were significantly associated with headaches. In univariate logistic regression models, headache intensity was associated with an increased risk of anxiety (OR 1.10; CI95% 1.09; 1.12) and depression (OR 1.09; CI95% 1.08; 1.11). Headache impact was also associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome (OR 1.02; CI95% 1.00, 1.04), obesity (OR 1.02, CI95% 1.01; 1.03), and reduced HDL cholesterol (OR 1.03; CI95% 1.01; 1.04). The impact of headache calls for intervention in the workplace not only to promote a prompt diagnosis of the different forms of headaches but also to improve work organization, leadership style, and the quality of sleep.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)3712-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022


  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Effort
  • Headache disorders
  • Leadership
  • Medical surveillance
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Reward
  • Sleep
  • Workplace health promotion


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