Purpose: The extraction of a tooth is followed by hard and soft tissue changes that can compromise implant placement. The aim of the present retrospective study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of different ridge preservation procedures based on the use of leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF). Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of all patients who had undergone surgery from January 1, 2017 to January 1, 2018 for alveolar ridge preservation on single posterior teeth using 3 clinical protocols: L-PRF alone, L-PRF mixed with a bone xenograft, and bone xenograft alone. Clinical and radiographic measures were recorded preoperatively and at 6 months postoperatively to determine the horizontal and vertical ridge resorption. Results: A total of 45 patients were included in the present study. All the surgeries were performed successfully, and no intraoperative complications developed. The L-PRF group experienced significantly greater horizontal and vertical bone resorption. The L-PRF plus bone xenograft group had less vertical and horizontal bone resorption than the bone xenograft alone group. Statistically significant differences in postoperative pain and wound healing were observed, with the bone xenograft alone group, in particular, having higher values for pain and experiencing delayed wound healing. Conclusions: Within the limitations of the present retrospective study, the use of a bone xenograft alone or L-PRF combined with a bone xenograft to perform alveolar ridge preservation procedures significantly limited bone resorption.
- bone xenograft
- dental implant
- leukocyte and platelet -rich fibrin
- ridge preservation procedures