Groundwater pollution and quality monitoring approaches at the European level

Marco Trevisan, Matteo Balderacchi, Antonio Gargini, Pierre Benoit, Philippe Cambier, Ole Martin Eklo, Alessandro Gargini, Alexandra Gemitzi, Melike Gurel, Bjørn Kløve, Zoran Nakic, Elena Predaa, Stanko Ruzicic, Przemysław Wachniew

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

49 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors investigate the sources and processes of groundwater contamination and their assessment within the Drivers-Pressures-State-Impact- Response (DPSIR) framework. Naturally occurring substances, trace elements, radionuclides, nutrients, and salt (sodium chloride) are reviewed with emphasis on the assessment of the natural background load. Some synthetic substances are also considered, these being petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated aliphatics, pesticides and organic-waste contaminants. Newly emerging contaminants cannot be described within the DPSIR; therefore monitoring approaches and indicators of contamination are discussed in order to propose improved monitoring plans that combine physical, chemical and biological indicators and combine science with policy. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)323-408
Numero di pagine86
RivistaCRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • DPSIR
  • contaminant
  • emerging
  • groundwater
  • monitoring
  • pollution
  • risk

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