Gratitude, Forgiveness, and Anger: Resources and Risk Factors for Italian Prison Inmates

Francesca Vittoria Danioni, Francesca Giorgia Paleari, Sara Pelucchi, Maria Rita Lombrano, Daniel Lumera, Camillo Regalia

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


The adjustment of prison inmates is recently becoming a social concern. In the current study we focused on the role of gratitude, interpersonal forgiveness, and anger, which have been widely addressed as likely to influence people’s health and adaptive behaviors, in shaping prison inmates’ psychological wellbeing and criminal attitudes. Participants were 104 male prison inmates aged between 24 and 75 (Mage = 46.63, SD = 11.38) imprisoned in Northern Italy who were asked to fill in an anonymous self-report questionnaire. Results highlighted that all dimensions considered play an important, albeit different and highly specific, role; Gratitude is a promotional factor that enhances psychological wellbeing, whereas interpersonal forgiveness appears to be a protective factor against the adoption of a criminal attitude as violence or antisocial intent. Finally, anger is a risk factor toward both psychological wellbeing and violent behaviors. Implications of these results and further developments of the study are discussed.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)207-223
Numero di pagine17
RivistaInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2023


  • anger
  • criminal attitudes
  • gratitude
  • interpersonal forgiveness
  • prison inmates
  • wellbeing


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