Gold and civil conflict intensity: evidence from a spatially disaggregated analysis

Sara Balestri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

1 Citazioni (Scopus)


This research is aimed at investigating whether the presence of available extractive resources, in particular gold, interacts with civil conflict intensity, accounting for sub-country level data through the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques. By a spatially disaggregated and specific resource analysis, I found that gold, gemstones and hydrocarbons productions within the conflict areas tend to increase conflict intensity. The analysis is carried out by applying a Zero-Truncated Negative Binomial model. Data for gold resource are extracted from an original dataset – GOLDATA - which provides a comprehensive list of gold deposits throughout the world completed of geographic coordinates, temporal information and characteristics. The overall finding is that the presence of exploitable gold resource tends to increase conflict intensity and that resources' lootability and accessibility in wartime can largely determine to what extent revenues can be appropriated and misused during conflict events
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-17
Numero di pagine17
RivistaPeace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012


  • civil war
  • conflict intensity
  • gold
  • natural resources


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