Global updates in the treatment of gastric cancer: a systematic review. Part 2: perioperative management, multimodal therapies, new technologies, standardization of the surgical treatment and educational aspects

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Gastric cancer is the fifth malignancy and the third cause of cancer death worldwide, according to the global cancer statistics presented in 2018. Its definition and staging have been revised in the eight edition of the AJCC/TNM classification, which took effect in 2018. Novel molecular classifications for GC have been recently established and the process of translating these classifications into clinical practice is ongoing. The cornerstone of GC treatment is surgical, in a context of multimodal therapy. Surgical treatment is being standardized, and is evolving according to new anatomical concepts and to the recent technological developments. This is leading to a massive improvement in the use of mini-invasive techniques. Mini-invasive techniques aim to be equivalent to open surgery from an oncologic point of view, with better short-term outcomes. The persecution of better short-term outcomes also includes the optimization of the perioperative management, which is being implemented on large scale according to the enhanced recovery after surgery principles. In the era of precision medicine, multimodal treatment is also evolving. The long-time-awaited results of many trials investigating the role for preoperative and postoperative management have been published, changing the clinical practice. Novel investigations focused both on traditional chemotherapeutic regimens and targeted therapies are currently ongoing. Modern platforms increase the possibility for further standardization of the different treatments, promote the use of big data and open new possibilities for surgical learning. This systematic review in two parts assesses all the current updates in GC treatment.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)355-378
Numero di pagine24
RivistaUpdates in Surgery
Volume72
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Perioperative Care
  • ERAS
  • Gastric cancer
  • Indocyanine green
  • Neoadjuvant therapy
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal
  • Gastrectomy
  • Humans
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
  • Stomach Neoplasms
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Conversion surgery

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