Genotype × Environment Interactions of Industrial Hemp Cultivars Highlight Diverse Responses to Environmental Factors

Stefano Amaducci, Brian J. Campbell, Abdel F. Berrada, Chris Hudalla, John K. McKay

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Starting with the 2014 Farm Bill, hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is being re-introduced as an industrial crop in the United States. Since the crop has been absent for over 70 yr, little is known regarding the genetic mechanisms controlling economically relevant traits. Particularly, with federal legality of the crop hinging on a stringent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of 0.3% or less, it is necessary to assess variance in this trait due to environmental effects and genotype × environment interactions (GEI) to avoid running afoul of federal law. Understanding how physical and biochemical traits respond to the environment also plays a strong role in selecting and developing appropriate cultivars for production in diverse growing regions. In 2016 we performed cultivar trials in multiple environments in Colorado to assess performance characteristics of a diverse set of germplasm from breeding programs across Europe and Asia. From these data, we were able to identify traits nearly entirely controlled by genetic factors, like days to maturity and THC and cannabidiol (CBD) production. We also identified traits strongly influenced by the environment and GEI, like grain yield, plant height, and water use. Individual cultivars also exhibited widely varying degrees of sensitivity to the environment. This underscores the importance of continued work to characterize genetic control of hemp traits to expedite breeding of cultivars that are well-adapted to target growing regions
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-11
Numero di pagine11
RivistaAgrosystems, Geosciences & Environment
Volume2
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Hemp, Cannabis, Breeding

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