General principles of brain electromagnetic rhythmic oscillations and implications for neuroplasticity

Maria Cotelli, Paolo Maria Rossini, Francesca Miraglia, Fabrizio Vecchio, Francesco Iodice

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroChapter

Abstract

Neuro-plasticity describes the ability of the brain in achieving novel functions, either by transforming its internal connectivity, or by changing the elements of which it is made, meaning that, only those changes, that affect both structural and functional aspects of the system, can be defined as “plastic.” The concept of plasticity can be applied to molecular as well as to environmental events that can be recognized as the basic mechanism by which our brain reacts to the internal and external stimuli. When considering brain plasticity within a clinical context–that is the process linked with changes of brain functions following a lesion- the term “reorganization” is somewhat synonymous, referring to the specific types of structural/functional modifications observed as axonal sprouting, long-term synaptic potentiation/inhibition or to the plasticity related genomic responses. Furthermore, brain rewires during maturation, and aging thus maintaining a remarkable learning capacity, allowing it to acquire a wide range of skills, from motor actions to complex abstract reasoning, in a lifelong expression. In this review, the contribution on the “neuroplasticity” topic coming from advanced analysis of EEG rhythms is put forward.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Pagine221-237
Numero di pagine17
Volume184
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022
Pubblicato esternamente

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeHANDBOOK OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY

Keywords

  • Connectivity
  • EEG
  • Learning
  • Plasticity
  • Reorganization
  • Neuronal Plasticity
  • Humans
  • Neurogenesis
  • Brain
  • Electromagnetic Phenomena

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