Gastrointestinal "juvenile-like (inflammatory/hyperplastic) mucosal polyps" (JLIHMPs) have been proposed as a neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)-specific gastrointestinal manifestation. Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) has also been reported in a NF1 patient, harboring concurrent NF1 and SMAD4 germline mutations. Additionally, NF1-like cafe-au-lait spots have been described in biallelic mismatch repair deficiency, another condition featuring gastrointestinal polyps. The SMAD4 and BMPR1A genes that are involved in 50-60% of JPS cases have not been investigated in the ~ 20 published cases of NF1-associated JLIHMPs with the exception of the abovementioned patient with concomitant JPS and NF1. NF1 defects have been found in the only two cases exhaustively tested. Therefore, JLIHMP has been questioned as an independent, NF1-specific entity. Incidental associations between NF1 and gastrointestinal polyposes at risk for gastrointestinal carcinoma should not be overlooked, given their implications in terms of clinical surveillance. We describe two patients featuring JLIHMPs in clinically/genetically proven NF1, in the absence of SMAD4 and BMPR1A mutations. In one case, the intervening mucosa was markedly inflamed, unlike JPS. We suggest that JLIHMP probably represents a gastrointestinal lesion specific to NF1.