Gastric emergencies in older adults: not always the same old story! A tertiary care emergency department observational cohort study

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

ObjectiveTo analyse and compare the clinical outcomes between patients ≥80 years and 65–79 years, who presented to our emergency department (ED) with the two most common gastric emergency (GE) clinical presentation, that is, gastric bleeding and gastric perforation.DesignSingle-centre retrospective cohort study.ParticipantsA total of 1011 patients were enrolled: 421 patients aged ≥80 years were compared with a group of 590 patients aged 65–79 years.Primary and secondary outcome measuresThe primary outcome was to compare the overall mortality. Secondary outcomes included major complications, in-hospital length of stay (LOS) and need for surgical procedures.ResultsPatients ≥80 years with GE had different presentations at ED compared with younger patients: they had higher gastrointestinal bleeding (24.9% vs 16.3%, p=0.001), anemisation (14.5% vs 8.8%, p=0.005) and shock (10.9% vs 5.1%, p=0.001) rates. Median LOS, cumulative major complications and mortality rates were similar among the two groups.Multivariate analysis identified shock, gastric malignancy and gastric fistula as independent predictors for survival.ConclusionsPatients ≥80 years with GE did not have a higher mortality rate and cumulative major complications as compared to younger elderly patients. Invasive treatments were not associated with a different prognosis in this age group.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)e056981-e056981
RivistaBMJ Open
Volume12
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cohort Studies
  • Emergencies
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tertiary Healthcare
  • adult gastroenterology
  • adult surgery
  • endoscopy
  • surgery

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