From avatars to body swapping: The use of virtual reality for assessing and treating body-size distortion in individuals with anorexia

Silvia Serino, Giuseppe Riva, Nicoletta Polli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

15 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last 30 years, virtual reality (VR) has offered innovative solutions for assessing and treating body representation disturbances in anorexia nervosa (AN). The most recent and innovative trend is the exploitation of the so-called VR-based body swapping illusion. The aim of this case study was to report the use of this VR protocol within a multidisciplinary treatment of AN. A patient with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 diagnosis of AN underwent an intensive multidisciplinary outpatient treatment. Three sessions of a VR-based body swapping illusion (i.e., the experimental induction of being the owner of a virtual body as a result of a visuotactile stimulation) were delivered within the treatment protocol (i.e., beginning of the treatment; end of one cycle of the treatment; 1 year of follow-up). We report the results obtained, discussing how the VR full body illusion was both able to effectively monitor changes of multisensory bodily integration and to act as a driver for these changes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)313-322
Numero di pagine10
RivistaJournal of Clinical Psychology
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • anorexia nervosa avatar body-size distortion full body illusion virtual reality

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