Frequency and phenotypic spectrum of KMT2B dystonia in childhood: A single-center cohort study

Anna Rita Bentivoglio, Gianni Zorzi, Luigi Michele Antonio Romito, Federica Zibordi, Carla Piano, Miryam Carecchio, Federica Invernizzi, Paulina Gonzàlez-Latapi, Celeste Panteghini, Giovanna Zorzi, Luigi Romito, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Serena Galosi, Chiara Reale, Agnel P. Joseph, Maya Topf, Floriano Girotti, Paolo Morana, Benedetto Morana, Manju A. KurianBarbara Garavaglia, Niccolò E. Mencacci, Steven J. Lubbe, Nardo Nardocci

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

21 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Childhood-onset dystonia is often genetically determined. Recently, KMT2B variants have been recognized as an important cause of childhood-onset dystonia. Objective: To define the frequency of KMT2B mutations in a cohort of dystonic patients aged <18 years at onset, the associated clinical and radiological phenotype, and the natural history of disease. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing or customized gene panels were used to screen a cohort of 65 patients who had previously tested negative for all other known dystonia-associated genes. Results: We identified 14 patients (21.5%) carrying KMT2B variants, of which 1 was classified as a variant of unknown significance. We also identified 2 additional patients carrying pathogenic mutations in GNAO1 and ATM. Overall, we established a definitive genetic diagnosis in 23% of cases. We observed a spectrum of clinical manifestations in KMT2B variant carriers, ranging from generalized dystonia to short stature or intellectual disability alone, even within the same family. In 78.5% of cases, dystonia involved the lower limbs at onset, with later caudocranial generalization. Eight patients underwent pallidal DBS with a median decrease of Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale-Motor score of 38.5% in the long term. We also report on 4 asymptomatic carriers, suggesting that some KMT2B mutations may be associated with incomplete disease penetrance. Conclusions: KMT2B mutations are frequent in childhood-onset dystonia and cause a complex neurodevelopmental syndrome, often featuring growth retardation and intellectual disability as additional phenotypic features. A dramatic and long-lasting response to DBS is characteristic of DYT-KMT2B dystonia. © 2019 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1516-1527
RivistaMovement Disorders
Volume34
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • DBS
  • KMT2B
  • WES
  • childhood
  • dystonia

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