Free fatty acids: a stimulus for mucin hypersecretion in cholesterol gallstone biles

Geltrude Mingrone, Av Greco, E Finotti, S. Passi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

30 Citazioni (Scopus)


The concentration of free fatty acids, phosphatidylcholine and lysophosphatidylcholine, and the fatty acid composition as well as the levels of the mucins, analyzed by an improved GLC method, were examined in ten biles from patients with cholesterol gallstones (pathological biles) and in ten control biles. In pathological biles the amounts of free fatty acids and phosphatidylcholine, were significantly higher (8.99 +/- 1.09) vs. 2.75 +/- 0.62 micrograms/mg) and lower (6.62 +/- 0.71 vs. 21.91 +/- 3.86 micrograms/mg), respectively, than in control biles, indicating that a relationship exists between the two lipid fractions. Lysophosphatidylcholine concentrations remained unchanged in the two groups (1.02 +/- 0.55 micrograms/mg in pathological biles vs. 1.32 +/- 0.57 micrograms/mg in control biles). The increased levels of free fatty acids were directly correlated (r = 0.73, P less than 0.05) with biliary hypersecretion of mucus glycoproteins. Acetylglucosamine and acetylgalactosamine were significantly higher in pathological biles than in control biles (1.91 +/- 0.67 vs. 0.60 +/- 0.13 microgram/mg). The nucleating potency of the increased amounts of mucins, coupled with lowered levels of phosphatidylcholine, might play a very important role in stone formation and precipitation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)52-59
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1988


  • Adult
  • Bile
  • Carbohydrates
  • Cholelithiasis
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Fatty Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Hexosamines
  • Humans
  • Lysophosphatidylcholines
  • Male
  • Mucins
  • Phosphatidylcholines
  • Reference Values


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