Primary mitochondrial myopathies (PMM) are a group of mitochondrial disorders characterized by a predominant skeletal muscle involvement. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the biochemical profile determined by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic technique would allow to distinguish among patients affected by progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), the most common PMM presentation, oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD), and healthy controls. Thirty-four participants were enrolled in the study. FTIR spectroscopy was found to be a sensitive and specific diagnostic marker for PEO. In particular, FTIR spectroscopy was able to distinguish PEO patients from those affected by OPMD, even in the presence of histological findings similar to mitochondrial myopathy. At the same time, FTIR spectroscopy differentiated single mtDNA deletion and mutations in POLG, the most common nuclear gene associated with mitochondrial diseases, with high sensitivity and specificity. In conclusion, our data suggest that FTIR spectroscopy is a valuable biodiagnostic tool for the differential diagnosis of PEO with a high ability to also distinguish between single mtDNA deletion and mutations in POLG gene based on specific metabolic transitions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-8
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers
  • Biopsy
  • Child
  • DNA Polymerase gamma
  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • Deltoid Muscle
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Differential diagnosis
  • FTIR
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolomics
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitochondrial Myopathies
  • Mitochondrial diseases
  • MtDNA
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Oculopharyngeal
  • Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD)
  • Ophthalmoplegia, Chronic Progressive External
  • Personalized medicine
  • Progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO)
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Young Adult


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