Folate in gastrointestinal health and disease

Antonio Gasbarrini, Francesca Romana Ponziani, Silvio Danese, Ia Cazzato, S Fagiuoli, P Gionchetti, Be Annicchiarico, F D'Aversa

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Folate has heterogeneous functions and is involved in several activities in both animal and human body. It is an important constituent of our organism, and its bioavailability is mainly dependent from the correct function of our gastrointestinal tract. Our aim is to describe what happens to folate homeostasis in gastrointestinal health and disease, analyzing the alterations of folate metabolism in some specific conditions of intestinal and liver impairment. DISCUSSION: Folate absorption and metabolization involve the small intestine and the liver; in conditions of gastrointestinal tract disease (i.e. celiac disease, liver disease) folate function may be compromised with important consequences on the whole organism. Moreover, folate deficiency may produce gastrointestinal alterations too. For this reason, the gastrointestinal tract could be the responsible but also the victim of folate deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of folate deficiency should always be assessed in patients with a gastrointestinal disease. Further studies are needed to assess the role of folates in gastrointestinal tract diseases and in other gynecologic, neurologic, psychiatric, cardiovascular, ophthalmic and neoplastic diseases. Folates supplementation could be considered, in the future, as an effective complimentary therapy in several pathologic conditions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)376-385
Numero di pagine10
RivistaEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume16
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Digestive System Physiological Phenomena
  • Folic Acid
  • Folic Acid Deficiency
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Health
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Vitamins

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