Focus on the prophylaxis, epidemiology and therapy of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infections and a position paper on associated risk factors: The perspective of an Italian group of surgeons

Gabriele Sganga, Pierluigi Granone, C. Tascini, E. Sozio, M. Carlini, P. Chirletti, F. Cortese, R. Gattuso, C. Pempinello, M. Sartelli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

18 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The aim of this research was to study the epidemiology, microbiology, prophylaxis, and antibiotic therapy of surgical site infections (SSIs), especially those caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and identify the risk factors for these infections. In Italy SSIs occur in about 5% of all surgical procedures. They are predominantly caused by staphylococci, and 30% of them are diagnosed after discharge. In every surgical specialty there are specific procedures more associated with SSIs. Methods: The authors conducted a systematic review of the literature on SSIs, especially MRSA infections, and used the Delphi method to identify risk factors for these resistant infections. Results: Risk factors associated with MRSA SSIs identified by the Delphi method were: patients from long-term care facilities, recent hospitalization (within the preceding 30days), Charlson score > 5 points, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and thoracic surgery, antibiotic therapy with beta-lactams (especially cephalosporins and carbapenem) and/or quinolones in the preceding 30days, age 75years or older, current duration of hospitalization >16days, and surgery with prothesis implantation. Protective factors were adequate antibiotic prophylaxis, laparoscopic surgery and the presence of an active, in-hospital surveillance program for the control of infections. MRSA therapy, especially with agents that enable the patient's rapid discharge from hospital is described. Conclusion: The prevention, identification and treatment of SSIs, especially those caused by MRSA, should be implemented in surgical units in order to improve clinical and economic outcomes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)26-26
Numero di pagine1
RivistaWorld Journal of Emergency Surgery
Volume11
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • Dalbavancin
  • Emergency Medicine
  • MRSA
  • Surgery
  • Surgical site infection

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