Fertility following solid organ transplantation

Bianca Rocca, Ml Framarino Dei M.a.l.a.t.e.s.t.a., M Rossi, M Iappelli, Mp Giorno, P. Berloco

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

30 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Fertility is usually restored in women after solid organ transplantation, and successful pregnancies have been reported in female recipients of kidney, liver, heart, pancreas-liver, and lung transplants. However, women with solid organ allografts have higher incidence of pregnancy complications like hypertension, preeclampsia, preterm delivery. Hypertension appears to be dependent on the type of immunosuppressive agents. The influence of pregnancy on the risk of rejection is poorly known on the basis of available data. Rejection rate appears to be at least similar to the nonpregnant population. In some cases, such as in liver transplant pregnant women, even higher as compared to the nonpregnant population. Maintaining appropriate blood levels of immunosuppressive drugs is currently recommended. Malformation rate in the offsprings of transplanted women appears to not be increased; long-term follow- up of children born to allograft recipients is necessary to investigate possible developmental, immunological, or oncological disorders. We followed 70 pregnancies after kidney transplantation and nine after liver transplantation. All recipients were maintained on immunosuppressive therapy during pregnancy, except one mother who refused immunosuppression and experienced transplant rejection. Hypertension was the most frequent complication during pregnancy: in 23% of kidney transplantated mothers and in one out of nine liver transplant recipients. The only malformation observed in the newborns was the dislocation of the hip in the child of a kidney transplant recipient.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2001-2004
Numero di pagine4
RivistaTransplantation Proceedings
Volume39
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2007

Keywords

  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Fetal Death
  • Fetal Growth Retardation
  • Graft Rejection
  • Humans
  • Organ Transplantation
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Pre-Eclampsia
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications
  • Transplantation, Homologous

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