Feminizing Wolbachia in Zyginidia pullula (Insecta, Hemiptera), a leafhopper with an XX/X0 sex-determination system

Ilaria Negri, Marco Pellecchia

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

86 Citazioni (Scopus)


Zyginidia pullula is a grass-dwelling leafhopper characterized by a bisexual reproduction mode. In this species, some females collected in Northern Italy, when mated with males, gave origin to an exclusively female brood. Here, we demonstrated that in these lineages an infection by a new strain of Wolbachia pipientis—designated as wZygpul—was detected by amplifying and sequencing the wsp and 16S rRNA genes. About half of the female progeny were characterized by intersexual phenotypes, i.e. showing upper pygofer appendages, a typical male secondary sexual feature. The karyological analysis proved that while phenotypically normal females had a female genotype, those with upper pygofer appendages had a male genotype and were thus feminized males. The complete removal of W. pipientis after tetracycline treatment of morphologically normal females, and the consequent re-appearance of males in the brood, permitted us to connect the feminizing effect with the presence of the bacterium. This is the first case of feminization by W. pipientis in an XX/X0 sexdetermination system, and is the second case reported in insects.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2409-2416
Numero di pagine8
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2006


  • 16S rRNA
  • Wolbachia pipientis
  • XX/X0 sex-determination system
  • Zyginidia pullula
  • feminization
  • wsp


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