Feasibility of transferring intensive cared preterm infants from incubator to open crib at 1600 grams

Patrizia Papacci, Giovanni Barone, Mirta Corsello, Francesca Priolo, Costantino Romagnoli, Enrico Zecca

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Ability to maintain a normal body temperature in an open crib is an important physiologic competency generally requested to discharge preterm infants from the hospital. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of an early weaning protocol from incubator in preterm newborns in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Methods. 101 infants with birth weight < 1600 g were included in this feasibility study. We compared 80 newborns successfully transferred from an incubator to open crib at 1600 g with 21 infants transferred at weight ≥ 1700 g. The primary outcome was to evaluate feasibility of the protocol and the reasons for the eventual delay. Secondary outcomes were the identification of factors that would increase the likelihood of early weaning, the impact of an earlier weaning on discharge timing, and the incidence of adverse outcomes. Newborns in the study period were then compared with an historical control group with similar characteristics. Results: Early weaning was achieved in 79.2% of infants without significant adverse effects on temperature stability or weight gain. Delayed weaning was mainly due to the need of respiratory support. Gestational age affected the likelihood of early weaning (OR 1.7282 95% CI: 1.3071 - 2.2850). In the multivariate linear regression, early weaning reduced length of stay (LOS) by 25.8 days (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Preterm infants can be weaned successfully from an incubator to an open crib at weight as low as 1600 grams without significant adverse effect. Early weaning significantly reduces LOS in preterm newborns. © 2014 Barone et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)41-N/A/A
RivistaTHE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volume40
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • Discharge
  • Equipment Design
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Incubators, Infant
  • Infant Equipment
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
  • Length of Stay
  • Length of stay
  • Male
  • Patient Discharge
  • Patient Transfer
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thermoregulation
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weaning

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