Fasting and post-methionine homocysteine levels in Alzheimers disease and vascular dementia

Paola Villa, Antonio Lanzone, Concetta Perri, Rosanna Suriano, Barbara Costantini, Francesca Macri', P Bosco, R Ferri, C Proto, Rm Cento

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the study is to compare the basal homocysteine levels in patients with impairment of cognitive status, and in controls, to evaluate if the methionine loading test is able to identify any differences between patients with Alzheimers disease and patients with vascular dementia. We enrolled 56 subjects, 20 with Alzheimers disease, 18 with vascular dementia, and 18 normal controls. The data shown that plasma homocysteine levels both basal and post-methionine load were significantly higher in the two groups of demented patients than in the control group. No significant differences were found between Alzheimers patients and vascular dementia patients. The homocysteine percent increase after a methionine loading test was significantly higher in the controls with respect to the two groups of demented patients. Only in Alzheimers patients were vitamin B(12) basal levels negatively correlated with basal homocysteine levels (p<0.05), while positively correlated with the homocysteine percent increase after load (p<0.05). The study confirms the possible role of chronically elevated homocysteinemia in neuronal degeneration in demented patients. Even if the methionine loading test revealed an abnormal homocysteine metabolism in demented patients, it didnt show any difference among patients with Alzheimers disease and vascular dementia.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)166-172
Numero di pagine7
RivistaInternational Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
Volume79
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2009

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dementia, Vascular
  • Fasting
  • Female
  • Folic Acid
  • Homocysteine
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Methionine
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Vitamin B 12

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