Factors influencing the perception of protective isolation in patients undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A multicentre prospective study

Simona Sica, Valentina Biagioli, Michela Piredda, Ombretta Annibali, Maria Cristina Tirindelli, Adriana Pignatelli, Francesco Marchesi, Maria Rita Mauroni, Sonia Soave, Elisabetta Del Giudice, Elena Ponticelli, Marco Clari, Sandra Cavallero, Pierina Monni, Laura Ottani, Lorella Cappucciati, Francesca Bonifazi, Rosaria Alvaro, Maria Grazia De Marinis, Gianpaolo Gargiulo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Objectives To identify which factors can influence the patients’ perception of protective isolation following Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT). Methods This is a prospective study conducted in 10 Italian centres, members of the Italian Group of stem cell transplant (GITMO). Patients’ perception of protective isolation was assessed using the ISOLA scale between 7 and 9 days post‐transplant. Statistical linear regression analysis was performed. Results The participants were 182 adult patients receiving autologous (48%) or allogeneic (52%) HSCT in protective isolation. Male sex (β = .152), education level (β = −.245), double room (β = .186), satisfaction with visiting hours (β = −.174) and emotional support from nurses (β = −.169) were independently associated with isolation‐related suffering. Significant predictors of the relationship with oneself included body temperature (β = −.179), fatigue (β = −.192) and emotional support from nurses (β = −.292). Factors independently associated with the relationship with others were education (β = −.230), chemotherapy cycles (β = −.218), pain (β = .150) and satisfaction with visiting hours (β = −.162). Conclusion Healthcare providers should pay greater attention in caring for those patients who are at risk for a negative isolation experience. Nurses should provide emotional support
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)326-345
Numero di pagine20
RivistaBreast Cancer Research
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • factors influencing the perceptio

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