Expression, purification, phosphorylation and characterization of recombinant human statherin.

Barbara Manconi, Tiziana Cabras, Alberto Vitali, Chiara Fanali, Antonella Fiorita, Rosanna Inzitari, Massimo Castagnola, Irene Messana, Maria Teresa Sanna

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista


This work reports the successful recombinant expression of human statherin in Escherichia coli, its purification and in vitro phosphorylation. Human statherin is a 43-residue peptide, secreted by parotid and submandibular glands and phosphorylated on serine 2 and 3. The codon-optimized statherin gene was synthesized and cloned into commercial pTYB11 plasmid to allow expression of statherin as a fusion protein with intein containing a chitin-binding domain. The plasmid was transformed into E. coli strains and cultured in Luria-Bertani medium, which gave productivity of soluble statherin fusion protein of up to 47 mg per liter of cell culture, while 112 mg of fusion protein were in the form of inclusion bodies. No significant refolded target protein was obtained from inclusion bodies. The amount of r-h-statherin purified by RP-HPLC corresponded to 0.6 mg per liter of cell culture. Attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy experiments performed on human statherin isolated from saliva and r-h-statherin assessed the correct folding of the recombinant peptide. Recombinant statherin was transformed into the diphosphorylated biologically active form by in vitro phosphorylation using the Golgi-enriched fraction of pig parotid gland containing the Golgi-casein kinase. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)219-225
Numero di pagine7
RivistaProtein Expr. Purif.
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2009


  • phosphorylation
  • purification


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