Background: VEGF is a growth factor involved in the regulation of angiogenesis, a process that plays a central role in tumor growth. It has been suggested that mutations of p53 and activation of the Ras/MAPK pathway may contribute to the up-regulation of VEGF expression and induction of angiogenesis. Patients and methods: We explored the expression of p53 and VEGF and p44MAPK phosphorylation in 43 human colorectal carcinomas, as well as in peritumoral mucosas, and in normal mucosas in order to establish a correlation between VEGF expression and either mutations of p53 or phosphorylation of p44MAPK. Overexpression of p53 in tumor tissues was interpreted as evidence of mutations. Results: p53 was overexpressed in 22 out of 43 tumors; MAPK was phosphorylated in 25 out of 43 cases whereas only 4 out of 22 peritumoral mucosas showed a moderate phosphorylation of p44MAPK VEGF was up-regulated in 22 out of 43 tumors, moderately expressed in 4 out of 22 peritumoral mucosas and not detectable in normal mucosa. Immunohistochemical analysis showed the presence of a phosphorylated form of p44 MAPK only in neoplastic cells. Statistical analysis demonstrated a significant correlation between p53 and VEGF expression (p<0.03) as well as between VEGF expression and p44 MAPK phosphorylation (p<0.002). Conclusion: These data suggest that mutations of p53 and activation of the Ras/MAPK pathway may play a role in the induction of VEGF expression in human colorectal cancer.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2002|
- colorectal cancer