Exploring the xenobiotic-degrading bacterial and fungal consortia during the selective enrichment procedure.

Edoardo Puglisi, Giulia Spini, Ilaria Re, F. Spina, A. Blieux, T. Regnier, E. Abdelwahad, G. C. Varese

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroContributo a convegno

Abstract

LIFE-BIOREST (www.lifebiorest.com) is a EU-project aimed to remediate a soil polluted by PHAs, BTEX and alkanes through the application of selected consortia of fungi and bacteria. The first phase of the project was focused on the characterization and isolation of the autochthonous microbial community that naturally populates this extreme environment. About 220 fungal and 140 bacterial strains with degrading abilities have been isolated from the polluted soil. Most of the fungal strains belonged to Ascomycetes (mainly Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Fusarium and Scedosporium genera) even though about 20 Basidiomycetes were also isolated. Regarding bacteria, the most abundant genus was Pseudomonas followed by Achromobacter, Stenotrophomonas and Ochrobactrum. The isolates were obtained by means of a liquid enrichment approach on target contami- nants (naphthalene, pyrene, phenanthrene, benzene, alkanes and oil extracted from the soil): the enrichment lasted 3 weeks, and sub-culturing was carried out once a week. Since the pollution in the sampled soil involved several meters of depth, enrichments were carried out separately using as inoculum homogenized soil samples from the 0-1, the 1-2 and 2-3 m depth. A total of 18 enrichment consortia were produced (6 target contaminants X 3 soil depths) for bacteria and other 18 for fungi, and sampled at day 0, 7, 14 and 21, giving a total of 144 samples. For each of these samples, DNA was extracted, amplified respectively for bacterial (16S) and fungal (ITS) biomarkers, and the resulting amplicons sequenced in Illumina. Results will be presented with the aim of assessing the ecological evolution of the microbial communities (bacteria and fungi) during the selective enrichment procedure in presence of different pollutants.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteDrivers of Microbial diversity
Pagine200-201
Numero di pagine2
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017
EventoMicrobial Diversity 2017, Drivers of Microbial diversity - Bari
Durata: 24 ott 201726 ott 2017

Convegno

ConvegnoMicrobial Diversity 2017, Drivers of Microbial diversity
CittàBari
Periodo24/10/1726/10/17

Keywords

  • enrichment
  • petroleum

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