Exploring the early-stage implementation of a patient engagement support intervention in an integrated-care context—A qualitative study of a participatory process

Guendalina Graffigna, Julia Paola Menichetti Delor, Giuliana Pitacco

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To explore: (a) the usual patient education in different care services of an integrated-care organisation, (b) the healthcare professionals’ experiences with adding a patient engagement support intervention called PHEinAction in the patient education practice and (c) the co-designed activities to assist the implementation. Background: Including individual support for engaging patients in care into patient education practice is a key effort of integrated-care organisations. However, there is a paucity of studies exploring the implementation of similar efforts. Design and methods: We conducted a qualitative study of a participatory process with 26 healthcare professionals—mostly nurses (n = 22) with leading roles (n = 12)—of different care services in one Italian integrated-care organisation. Data were collected through multiple sources (observations and shadowing; interviews; documents/artefacts; workshops) during the first 6 months of the implementation of PHEinAction. A thematic analysis using a hybrid approach was performed. COREQ guidelines were followed. Results: The existing patient education practice of hospital, ambulatory and community healthcare services of the organisation differed in contents, perceived responsibility and focus area. These key aspects of patient education influenced the healthcare professionals’ experiences with the implementation. The experiences informed the activities enacted during the participatory process to assist the implementation, from the co-creation of artefacts to the deployment of peer group supervision. Conclusion: The implementation of a brief intervention for patient engagement support required a process of adjustment to the single settings and a continuous support to healthcare professionals. It also required performing complementary activities to assist the implementation and its adoption in new care services. Relevance to clinical practice: This qualitative study contributes to the understanding of the pitfalls and strategies that may surround embedding patient engagement support in the educational practice of complex organisations, potentially facilitating the deployment to other care settings.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)997-1009
Numero di pagine13
RivistaJournal of Clinical Nursing
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Nursing (all)2901 Nursing (miscellaneous)
  • implementation
  • integrated-care
  • intervention
  • participatory approach
  • patient engagement
  • qualitative research

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