Exploring Affect Recall Bias and the Impact of Mild Depressive Symptoms: An Ecological Momentary Study

Pietro Cipresso, Giuseppe Riva, Javier Fernandez Kirszman, Desirée Colombo, Carlos Suso-Ribera, Isabel Fernandez Felipe, Azucena Garcia Palacios, Cristina Botella

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroChapter

4 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional clinical and research assessments rely on retrospective questionnaires, that ask individuals to retrospectively summarize how they felt during the last period. Nevertheless, people are not accurate at recalling past experiences without altering the content, especially when they are required to report their affect. In this study, we adopted a smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to collect daily assessments of positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect throughout two weeks in a sample of healthy students (n = 47). Results showed that both PA and NA are subject to the recall bias; more specifically, people tended to overestimate both affects during the retrospective assessment. This bias was influenced by the presence of mild depressive symptoms as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), which led participants to a greater overestimation of NA and higher underestimation of PA. While NA bias was more context-dependent, PA bias showed more stability across time.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospitena
Pagine208-215
Numero di pagine8
Volume288
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Serie di pubblicazioni

NomeLECTURE NOTES OF THE INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER SCIENCES, SOCIAL INFORMATICS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING

Keywords

  • Ecological momentary assessment Momentary affect Recall bias

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