Exploring a new ultrasound score as a clinical predictive tool in patients with rheumatoid arthritis starting abatacept: Results from the APPRAISE study

Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Maarten Boers, Richard J. Wakefield, Hilde Berner Hammer, Olivier Vittecoq, Georgios Filippou, Peter Balint, Ingrid Möller, Annamaria Iagnocco, Esperanza Naredo, Mikkel Østergaard, Corine Gaillez, Manuela Le Bars

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

38 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To explore whether changes in a composite ( power Doppler/greyscale ultrasound (PDUS)) synovitis score, developed by the OMERACT-EULAR-Ultrasound Task Force, predict disease activity outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Patients with RA who were methotrexate inadequate responders starting abatacept were evaluated. Individual joint PDUS scores were combined in the Global OMERACT-EULAR Synovitis Score (GLOESS) for metacarpophalangeal joints (MCPs) 2-5, all joints (22 paired) and a reduced (9 paired) joint set. The predictive value of changes in GLOESS at week 1-16 evaluations for clinical status and response (Disease Activity Score (DAS) 28 (C reactive protein, CRP) <2.6; DAS28(CRP) ≤3.2; DAS28(CRP) ≥1.2 improvement) up to week 24, and correlations between DAS28 and GLOESS were assessed. Results: Eighty-nine patients completed the 24-week treatment period. Changes in GLOESS (MCPs 2-5) from weeks 1 to 16 were unable to predict DAS28 outcomes up to week 24. However, significant improvements in GLOESS (MCPs 2-5) were observed at week 12 in patients with DAS28 ≥1.2 improvement at week 24 versus those who did not achieve that clinical response. In patients achieving DAS28 ≥1.2 improvement or DAS28 ≤3.2 at week 24, changes in GLOESS (22 and 9 paired joint sets) were greater in patients who already achieved DAS28 ≥1.2 at week 12 than in those who did not. No significant correlations were found between changes in DAS28 and GLOESS definitions at any time point. Conclusions: PDUS was not correlated with clinical status or response as measured by DAS28-derived criteria, and PDUS changes were not predictive of clinical outcome. The discrepancies require further exploration. Trial registration number: NCT00767325; Results.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaRMD Open
Volume2
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • DMARDs (biologic)
  • Disease Activity
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Ultrasonography

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