Expanding the living donor pool, "Ist Act": analysis of the causes of exclusion of potential kidney donors.

Jacopo Romagnoli, Franco Citterio, Maria Paola Salerno, Rosaria Calia, Valentina Bianchi, José Alberto Rodrigues Pedroso, Gionata Spagnoletti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

14 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: The evaluation of a potential living kidney donor (LKD) leads to exclusion of at least 50% of candidates. The aim of this study was to analyze the reasons for exclusion of potential LKDs referred to our center. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed historic and clinical data of all potential LKDs who were evaluated over 7 years from January 2005 to March 2012. Data were obtained by review of an electronic database. RESULTS: Among 79 (50 female, 29 male) candidates, 24 (30.3%) successfully donated, comprising 22 related and 2 unrelated donors. We excluded 45 (56.9%), and 10 (12.6%) are actively undergoing evaluation. Reasons for exclusion were medical (n = 14; 31%), nonmedical (n = 18; 40%), positive cross-match (n = l7.7%), pregnancy (n = 2; 4.4%), and other reasons (n = 3; 6.6%). Of the 14 donors excluded for medical reasons, 75.8% were due to diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, or obesity and 21.5% to inadequate renal function, malignancy, or liver disease. Of the 18 (40%) excluded for nonmedical reasons, 6 (33.3%) were because the intended recipient received a deceased-donor transplantation before the evaluation could be completed, 5 (27.7%) because the recipient was no longer a candidate for transplantation, 5 (27.7%) because of donor withdrawal, and 2 (11.1%) for other reasons. CONCLUSIONS: Positive cross-match and deceased-donor transplantation during the evaluation process were the 2 most common reasons for LKD exclusion. Evaluation of potential LKDs is time consuming, requiring a remarkable amount of human and material resources. A dedicated pathway for the diagnostic work-up of LKDs may speed- the evaluation process and improve its efficiency, use of ABO-incompatible or paired-exchange donations may increase the yield of donor organs.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2632-2634
Numero di pagine3
RivistaTransplantation Proceedings
Volume2013
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2013

Keywords

  • kidney donor
  • living donor

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