Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of switching to dolutegravir plus lamivudine maintenance therapy on the HIV cellular reservoir size. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, longitudinal, matched, controlled study. We enrolled virologically suppressed patients on stable three-drug ART who switched at baseline (BL) to dolutegravir/lamivudine (DT group) or maintained triple therapy (TT group); subjects in the TT group were matched 1:1 with those in the DT group according to age, gender, years since HIV diagnosis, years on ART and anchor drug. Total blood-associated HIV DNA levels were assessed by droplet digital PCR at BL and after 48 weeks (T48). Results were expressed as log10 HIV DNA copies/106 leucocytes. RESULTS: We enrolled 40 patients in the DT group and 40 in the TT group; the two groups were homogeneous for all main characteristics except nadir CD4 cell count. At BL, HIV DNA levels were comparable between the DT and TT groups: 2.27 (IQR 1.97-2.47) and 2.26 (IQR 2.05-2.61) log10 HIV DNA copies/106 leucocytes, respectively. Change in HIV DNA load from BL to T48 was -0.105 (IQR -0.384 to 0.121, P = 0.041) in the DT group and -0.132 (IQR -0.362 to 0.046, P = 0.005) in the TT group, with a comparable decline observed between the two groups (P = 0.821). A higher HIV DNA decline was associated with higher BL CD4/CD8 ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance therapy with dolutegravir/lamivudine had the same impact as the triple regimen on HIV DNA levels after 48 weeks of treatment. These data seem to support the effectiveness of a dolutegravir/lamivudine dual regimen in controlling the magnitude of the cellular reservoir (www.clinicaltrials.gov, number NCT02836782). © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- hiv dna