Evidence that carbon monoxide stimulates prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase activity in rat hypothalamic explants and in primary cultures of rat hypothalamic astrocytes

Cesare Mancuso, Giuseppe Tringali, Paolo Preziosi, Pierluigi Navarra, G Pistritto, A. B Grossman

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51 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon monoxide (CO) shares with nitric oxide (NO) the ability to modulate the release of hypophysiotropic peptides from rat hypothalamic explants. While both gases are believed to act as neural messengers in the brain via the activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase, the latter is almost undetectable in the rat hypothalamus. NO has been shown to exert some of its biological actions through the modulation of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (PGHS) activity. We have, therefore, investigated whether CO also can use PGHS as a signaling pathway in the hypothalamus. Endogenous CO is produced in equimolar amounts with biliverdin (BV) by the catabolism of hemin through heme oxygenase (HO). Hemin, two inhibitors of HO, zinc-protoporphyrin-9 (ZnPP9) and tin-mesoporphyrin-9 (SnMP9), ferrous hemoglobin (Hb), indomethacin and dexamethasone (DEX) were used as pharmacological tools. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) released from rat hypothalamic explants or primary cultures of hypothalamic astrocytes was taken as a marker of PGHS activity. It was found that: (1) hemin evokes an increase in PGE2 release from hypothalamic explants; (2) this effect is counteracted by ZnPP9, SnMP9, Hb and indomethacin; (3) the metallo-porphyrins and indomethacin, but not Hb, are also able to inhibit basal PGE2 release from hypothalamic explants; and (4) dexamethasone does not inhibit, and even potentiates, the stimulatory effect of hemin on PGE2 release from hypothalamic astrocytes. The evidence presented here suggests that the catabolism of endogenous or exogenously added hemin is associated with an increase in PGE2 production in the rat hypothalamus. This effect can be attributed to the formation of CO, since the other end-product of HO, BV, does not enhance PGE2 release. Thus, at least some of the biological effects of CO at the hypothalamic level might be mediated by the activation of the PGHS pathway.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)294-300
Numero di pagine7
RivistaMolecular Brain Research
Volume45
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1997

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Astrocytes
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
  • Dexamethasone
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing)
  • Hemin
  • Hypothalamus
  • Indomethacin
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Metalloporphyrins
  • Organ Culture Techniques
  • Protoporphyrins
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Signal Transduction

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