Ethnic Identity, Bicultural Identity Integration, and Psychological Well-Being Among Transracial Adoptees: A Longitudinal Study

Laura Ferrari, Rosa Rosnati, Claudia Manzi, Verònica Benet-Martínez

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

26 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The ethnic identity development plays a crucial role in adolescence and emerging adulthood and may be more complex for adoptees who do not share their ethnic identity with their adoptive families. Evidence from the studies was mixed, with strong ethnic identity not always found to be indicative of improved psychological adjustment. Recently research carried out on ethnic minorities has highlighted that the relation between ethnic identity and well-being could be influenced by Bicultural Identity Integration (BII) (Benet-Martinez et al., 2002): it reflects how individuals who experience more than one culture organize and combine their dual cultural backgrounds. These results are consistent also among adoptees (Manzi, Ferrari, Rosnati, & Benet-Martinez, 2013) but need to be further explored. A longitudinal study was conducted to investigate whether and the extent to which ethnic identity, national identity and BII are protective factors for adoptees’ psychological well-being. A self-report questionnaire was administered to 79 Italian transracial adoptees, aged between 15 and 25, at two time points, one year apart. In line with predictions, longitudinal analyses showed the crucial role of BII that turned out to increase higher levels of well-being one year later. Results are discussed in relation to implications for intervention with adoptive parents and children.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)63-76
Numero di pagine14
RivistaNew Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Volume2015
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Bicultural Identity Integration
  • Ethnic identity
  • International adoption

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