Epiphytic Microbial Community and Post-Harvest Characteristics of Strawberry Fruits as Affected by Plant Nutritional Regime with Silicon

Edoardo Puglisi, Marco Trevisan, Fabio Valentinuzzi, Youry Pii, Luigimaria Borruso, Tanja Mimmo, Stefano Cesco

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Despite being not essential to plants, Silicon (Si) has proven to have promoting effects on plants growth, yield, and resistance against biotic and abiotic stressors. The increase of concentration in specific minerals in plant tissues can also improve shelf-life, which, in fruits like strawberries, is also affected by the epiphytic microbial community. The present research was carried out to assess whether Si biofortification of strawberry plants, grown in soilless system, could affect plants yield and post-harvest feature of fruits during the storage period, carried out at three different temperatures (i.e., 1, 4 and 10 °C) for 7 and 14 days. Furthermore, we investigated whether the plant nutritional regime, specifically the Si fertilization, can impact the composition of microbial community. Our results showed that biofortification did not significantly affect fruits firmness, whereas, at the highest Si levels, an increase in titratable acidity was observed. The microbial community analysis highlighted for the first time the presence of probiotic bacteria, as Bacillus breve, which could present interesting technological features as strains adapted to the strawberry fruit-sphere. In addition, with the increasing levels of Si biofortification, the depletion of potentially pathogenic microorganisms, like Escherichia coli and Terrisporobacter glycolicus, was also observed. In conclusion, data here reported highlight for the first time the possible role played by the nutritional regimes of strawberry plants in shaping composition of the fruit epiphytic microbial community.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)2407-2407
Numero di pagine1
RivistaAgronomy
Volume11
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA sequencing
  • Epiphytic microbial community
  • Fragaria x ananassa
  • Fruit quality
  • Shelf life
  • Si fertilization

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