Endoscopic ultrasound-guided histological diagnosis of a mucinous non-neoplastic pancreatic cyst using a specially designed through-the-needle microforceps

Maria Gabriella Brizi, Guido Costamagna, Danilo Pagliari, Frediano Inzani, Alberto Leonardo Larghi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

14 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Solitary uniloculated pancreatic cysts pose a major diagnostic dilemma. Cystic fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) concentration and cytology have low sensitivity in distinguishing mucinous from non-mucinous cysts [1], leading to frequent misdiagnoses and unnecessary surgical interventions [2]. Recently evaluated molecular markers seem very accurate, but they are not widely available in clinical practice [3]. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman who was incidentally discovered to have a 25-mm cystic pancreatic neck lesion, without apparent communication with the Wirsung duct ([Fig. 1], [Video 1]). At endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), the cyst had no septa, normal walls, and no mural nodules. Zoom ImageZoom Image Fig. 1 Axial T2 weighted magnetic resonance image showing a 25 × 20 mm unilocular pancreatic neck cystic lesion without communication with the Wirsung duct (arrow). Download Endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition from pancreatic cyst wall using a novel through-the-needle microforceps. Prophylactic intravenous antibiotics were administered and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) was performed using a 19-gauge needle. After 2 mL of fluid were aspirated, a toothed microforceps (Moray microforceps; US Endoscopy, Mentor, Ohio, USA) ([Fig. 2]), designed specifically for tissue acquisition through a 19-gauge FNA needle, was inserted through the needle into the cyst cavity. Under EUS guidance, the microforceps was opened, pushed against the cyst wall, and then closed in order to obtain tissue samples ([Fig. 3]). Two bites of the cyst wall were taken using the biopsy microforceps, and the specimens were placed directly into formalin for histological examination. No procedural or delayed complications occurred. Zoom ImageZoom Image Fig. 2 View of the novel through-the-needle microforceps (Moray microforceps; US Endoscopy, Mentor, Ohio, USA) protruding from a standard 19-gauge fine-needle aspiration needle, with its cups opened. The microforceps has an outer diameter of 0.8 mm, a jaw opening width of 4.3 mm, serrated jaws designed to effectively grasp tissue, and a spring sheath to increase its flexibility. Photograph used with permission from US Endoscopy. Zoom ImageZoom Image Fig. 3 Tissue acquisition using through-the-needle microforceps. a Endoscopic ultrasound-guided opening of the cups of the through-the-needle microforceps inside the pancreatic cyst (arrow). b The “tent sign” representing the cystic wall (arrow) grasped by the biopsy forceps and pulled back in order to acquire the tissue sample. Cystic fluid amylase and CEA concentrations were 692 U/L and 491 ng/mL, respectively. Histological examination revealed a fibrous wall lined by tall, columnar, mucin-producing, epithelial cells ([Fig. 4]), consistent with the diagnosis of a mucinous non-neoplastic cyst. Zoom ImageZoom Image Fig. 4 Photomicrographs of the samples collected using the novel through-the-needle microforceps. Histology revealed a fibrous wall lined by tall, columnar, mucin-producing, epithelial cells (duct-type epithelium) consistent with the diagnosis of mucinous non-neoplastic pancreatic cyst (hematoxylin and eosin staining). a Low-power field. b High-power field. This case clearly illustrates the diagnostic challenge of pancreatic cysts. The novel through-the-needle microforceps allowed the acquisition of tissue that showed all of the histological criteria needed for a diagnosis of mucinous non-neoplastic cyst [4]. These results allowed us to choose the most appropriate management for this patient, which, importantly, would have been different if based on CEA results alone. Mucinous non-neoplastic cysts are, in fact, benign conditions, without any malignant potential and for which both surgery and surveillance are not necessary.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)E188-E189
Numero di pagine2
RivistaEndoscopy
Volume48
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Gastroenterology
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms
  • Pancreatic Cyst
  • Surgical Instruments

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