Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common liver disease in industrialized countries because of the worldwide epidemic of obesity. Beyond metabolic complications, a subset of patients with NAFLD develop non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with fibrosis, which is emerging as a leading cause of liver transplantation due to progression to cirrhosis and cancer. For these reasons, NAFLD is considered a public health burden. In recent years endoscopic bariatric and metabolic therapies (EBMT) have emerged as safe and effective for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. EBMT include gastric and duodenal devices and techniques such as intragastric balloons, endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty, endoscopic small bowel by-pass and duodenal mucosal resurfacing. Observational studies and pilot trials have revealed beneficial effects of EBMT on NAFLD as assessed by non-invasive parameters or histology. In this review we summarise current evidence for the efficacy and safety of EBMT in obese patients with NAFLD and examine future clinical applications.
- bariatric endoscopy
- duodenal mucosal resurfacing
- endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty
- intragastric balloon