Endogenous activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors supports the proliferation and survival of neural progenitor cells

Ruggero De Maria Marchiano, Valeria Di Giorgi-Gerevini, D. Melchiorri, G. Battaglia, L. Ricci-Vitiani, C. Ciceroni, C. L. Busceti, F. Biagioni, L. Iacovelli, A. M. Canudas, E. Parati, F. Nicoletti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

113 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is limited by the incomplete knowledge of the extracellular signals regulating their proliferation and survival. We report that cultured mouse NPCs express functional mGlu3 and mGlu5 metabotropic glutamate receptors. Pharmacological blockade of both receptors reduced NPC proliferation and survival, whereas activation of mGlu5 receptors substantially enhanced cell proliferation. Adult mice lacking mGlu5 receptors or treated with mGlu5 or mGlu3 receptor antagonists showed a dramatic reduction in the number of dividing neuroprogenitors present in the subventricular zone and in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. These data disclose a novel function of mGlu receptors and offer new potential strategies for the optimization of cell replacement therapy in neurodegenerative disorders. © 2005 Nature Publishing Group. All rights reserved.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1124-1133
Numero di pagine10
RivistaCell Death and Differentiation
Volume12
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2005

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Biology
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Growth Processes
  • Cell Survival
  • Cell proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Metabotropic glutamate receptors
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neural progenitor cells
  • Neurons
  • Prosencephalon
  • Receptor, Metabotropic Glutamate 5
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Stem Cells
  • Subventricular zone
  • mGlu5 knockout mice

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