Enantiomeric dissection of the effects of the inotropic agent, EMD 53998, in single cardiac myocytes

Giovanni Gambassi, Mc Capogrossi, M Klockow, Eg Lakatta

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

52 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of the thiadiazinone derivative, 5-[1-(3,4-dimethoxybenzoyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrochinolin-6-yl]-6-met hyl-3,6- dihydro-2H-1,3,4-thiadiazin-2-on (EMD 53998), and of its (+)EMD 57033 and (-)EMD 57439 enantiomers, were tested on the contractile properties and cytosolic [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i) transients of single intact guinea pig cardiac myocytes. Cells were loaded with the ester form of the fluorescent probe, indo-1, and bathed in a N-2-hydroxyethyl-piperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid-buffered solution at 25 degrees C (1 mM of CaCl2, 1 Hz stimulation rate). All three substances exerted a pronounced increase in twitch amplitude: the maximal effect of the racemate (380% of control value) was approximately the sum of the effects of its two enantiomers (186 and 236% of control value for the (+)- and (-)-enantiomer, respectively). The [Ca2+]i transient, measured as the 410-to-490 nm indo-1 fluorescence ratio transient after excitation, was increased by the racemate and its (-)-enantiomer (172 and 152% of control value, respectively), but was not increased by the (+)-enantiomer. The racemate and the (-)-enantiomer, but not the (+)-enantiomer, markedly reduced the contraction duration and [Ca2+]i transient duration. In unstimulated cells resting length was significantly reduced by the (+)-enantiomer, and this was accompanied by a decrease in indo-1 fluorescence; the (-)-enantiomer had no effect on either parameter. In the presence of 2,3 butanedione monoxime (BDM), which markedly reduces twitch amplitude by inhibiting cross-bridge mechanics, addition of the (+)-enantiomer restored the twitch contraction to above the pre-BDM level without augmenting the [Ca2+]i transient. In contrast, the (-)-enantiomer failed to reverse the BDM-induced contractile depression, even though it caused a significant increase of the [Ca2+]i transient. Thus, in intact cells the positive inotropic effect of EMD 53998 is due to specific properties of its enantiomers: the (-)-enantiomer has adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate-like effects (increase in amplitude and reduction of [Ca2+]i transient and contraction durations), whereas the (+)-enantiomer enhances the myofilament-Ca2+ interaction.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)728-738
Numero di pagine11
RivistaAMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY
Volume264
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1993

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Calcium
  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Indoles
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Quinolines
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Stimulation, Chemical
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Thiadiazines

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