Two experimental studies investigated whether the exposure to cyberbullying situations producesin bullied youth, and in young people in general, higher levels of stress, negative emotions, and atten-tion levels, in comparison to other peer interactions, including bullying. In both studies, participants’physiological activation (Study 1 and 2) and behavioral data (Study 2) were recorded while watching four1-minute videos representing cyberbullying, face-to-face bullying, prosocial, and neutral interactions.Self-report questionnaires assessed participants’ emotional responses to the videos, and victimization.Sixty-one adolescents (65.7% girls) participated in Study 1; 35 young adults (60% girls) participated inStudy 2. Results indicate that cyberbullying causes higher stress and negative emotions than prosocialand neutral peer interactions, but not than bullying. Cyberbullying also elicited higher levels of stressand negative emotions in victims than non-victims, but only for adolescents.
- experimental study
- psychological reaction