The genetic engineering of the pig genome for xenotransplantation studies requires the insertion of different transgenes to create multi-transgenic pigs. In order to simultaneously add more transgene in a single genetic insertion, we constructed a polycistronic vector using the F2A self-cleaving peptide. Moreover, this solution has the added advantages of preventing possible segregation during breeding of the animals and of guaranteeing an equimolar production of chosen transgenes. The scope of this work was the construction and validation of an ubiquitous F2A-bicistronic expression vector for human thrombomodulin (hTM) and human endothelial protein C receptor (hEPCR) genes in pig primary hCD55-GAL–/– cells to establish transgenic fibroblasts colonies, to be used for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to generate pigs for xenotransplantation research. The expression vector consisted of pCAGGS promoter (CMV-IE+chicken β actin) followed by hEPCR-furinF2A-hTM coding sequence. The resulting expression cassette was inserted between 2 insulators obtained from the 5′ MAR region of chicken lysozyme. Outside of this insulated structure, there is a loxable puromycin selection cassette. The resulting purified and linearized expression vector (pEFTM/Lgu I = 5 μg) was transfected into hCD55-GAL–/– primary fibroblasts (1 × 106), using Nucleofector (Amaxa, Lonza, Cologne, Germany), in parallel for comparative purposes we cotransfected the 2 pCAGGS-monocistronic vectors for the same transgenes (hEPCR and hTM = 1:3, 5 μg). Transfected cells were selected with puromycin (1 μg mL–1) for 15 days. After 8 days of selection, resistant colonies were picked up and expanded into 24-well plates for cryopreservation and analyses. Bicistronic transfection produced 20 clones and cotransfection only 8 clones that were analysed by Western blot (WB) and by immunocytochemistry (ICC) using polyclonal antibody anti-EPCR (1:250, R&D) and monoclonal antibody ab6980-Abcam (1:5000, Abcam, Cambridge, UK) in WB; polyclonal antibody RCR252 (1:100, Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO, USA) and monoclonal antibody ab6980-Abcam (1:100, Abcam) for ICC. Seventeen bicistronic clones (85%) and 2 cotransfected monocistronic clones (25%) were positive for both transgenes using WB. After ICC analyses, only 11 bicistronic colonies (55%) and 1 cotransfected colony (12.5%) uniformly expressed the desired transgenes and were selected for SCNT. The pCAGGS promoter maintained its strong expression also using the hEPCR-FurinF2A-hTM coding sequence and this bicistronic solution permitted us to improve our results obtained with co-transfection. Availability of hEPCR+ hTM+ hCD55+-GAL–/– colonies will allow us to obtain a new transgenic background for future xenotransplantation projects.
|Numero di pagine||2|
|Rivista||REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2012|
|Evento||Annual Conference of the International Embryo Transfer Society - Phoenix, Arizona,|
Durata: 7 gen 2012 → 10 gen 2012
- Xenotransplantation, transgenic animals