Efficacy and Tolerability of First Line Arsenic Trioxide in Combination With All-Trans Retinoic Acid in Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia: Real Life Experience

Patrizia Chiusolo, Luca Laurenti, Nicola Piccirillo, Livio Pagano, Francesco Autore, Idanna Innocenti, Elisabetta Metafuni

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Acute promyelocytic leukemia is a variant of acute myeloid leukemia characterized by t(15;17) and PML/RAR alfa fusion gene. The discovery of the molecular pathogenesis has led to entitle all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) as the first targeted therapy for acute leukemia. It is usually associated to anthracycline-based chemotherapy with high response rates, but potential long-term sequelae including therapy-related malignancies have been observed. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) was added to obviate these complications and investigational trials aimed to a new strategy with the incorporation of arsenic trioxide (ATO) into initial therapy instead of chemotherapy in selected patients. ATRA plus ATO without chemotherapy was the first attempt to treat low and intermediate-risk patients with APL. Our study aims to describe a monocentric cohort of patients with newly diagnosed APL effectively treated with ATO plus ATRA underlying its efficacy together with the high grade of tolerability of this association. From January 2009 to December 2019 23 APL patients were diagnosed and treated with ATO plus ATRA regimen: 14 males and 9 females patients with a median age of 45 years (range 18-72), for the majority intermediate risk (15 patients, 65%). The treatment was well tolerated and all patients achieved molecular remission after a median time of 3 months (range 1-6 months). All patients proceeded to consolidation phase as outpatients, they maintained complete molecular response at a median time of 44 months (range 15-127) except for 1 patient. All but one patient are alive and in response at a median follow-up of 48 months (range 9-141) without late effects. ATO plus ATRA regimen shows advantages in comparison to chemotherapy; in fact it allowed to treat patients in which chemotherapy could even not be applicable and it did not show secondary hematological diseases. The association of ATO to ATRA as chemo-free regimen enabled to treat APL even without chemotherapy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaFrontiers in Oncology
Volume11
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • acute promyelocytic leukemia
  • all-trans retinoic acid
  • secondary leukemias
  • first-line
  • arsenic trioxide

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