Efficacy and safety of biweekly i.v. administrations of the Aurora kinase inhibitor danusertib hydrochloride in independent cohorts of patients with advanced or metastatic breast, ovarian, colorectal, pancreatic, small-cell and non-small-cell lung cancer: a multi-tumour, multi-institutional phase II study

Giovanni Scambia, Patrick Schöffski, B. Besse, T. Gauler, M. J.A. De Jonge, G. Scambia, A. Santoro, C. Davite, M. G. Jannuzzo, A. Petroccione, J. P. Delord

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

29 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

inhibitor danusertib hydrochloride (PHA-739358) in breast (BC), ovarian (OC), pancreatic (PC), colorectal (CRC), small-cell (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung (NSCLC) cancers. METHODS: Consenting adult patients with good performance and organ function with advanced/metastatic tumours who had failed systemic therapy were treated in independent, disease-specific cohorts with danusertib 500 mg/m(2) given as 24-h i.v. infusion every 14 days with until progression or unacceptable toxicity. A two-stage design was applied. Primary end point was the progression-free rate (PFR) at 4 months (RECIST1.1). RESULTS: A total of 223 patients were enrolled with 219 actively treated. The median relative dose intensity of danusertib was similar for all tumour types (84.6%-99.6%). The median number of biweekly treatment cycles ranged from 3 to 4/patient (maximum 5-40 cycles/entity) and the median treatment duration varied between 7.6 and 10.0 weeks per histotype. Danusertib did not meet pre-specified protocol criteria for clinically relevant activity in any of the treated cancers. The PFR at 4 months was 18.4% in BC, 12.1% in OC, 10.0% in PC, 10.4% in NSCLC (all histotypes), 16.1% in squamous NSCLC and 0% in SCLC and CRC. Some radiological and/or biochemical indication of antitumor activity was seen in BC, OC, PC and NSCLC, including two confirmed partial responses. The most frequent drug-related non-laboratory adverse events (AEs) were fatigue/asthenia, nausea, diarrhoea, anorexia, vomiting, alopecia, constipation and pyrexia. Common laboratory AEs included haematological toxicity, hypalbuminaemia and increases in liver enzymes. Treatment was discontinued due to AEs in only 5.5% of patients. Plasma concentrations of danusertib were in line with results from earlier studies. CONCLUSION: Single-agent danusertib did show only marginal anti-tumour activity in common solid tumours after failure of prior systemic therapies. The safety and PK profile was consistent with previous experience.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)598-607
Numero di pagine10
RivistaAnnals of Oncology
Volume26
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Aurora kinase danusertib
  • multi-tumor study

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