Effects of peripartal yeast culture supplementation on lactation performance, blood biomarkers, rumen fermentation, and rumen bacteria species in dairy cows

Erminio Trevisi, N. A. Carpinelli, J. Halfen, J. D. Chapman, E. D. Sharman, J. L. Anderson, J. S. Osorio

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Feeding yeast culture fermentation products has been associated with improved feed intake and milk yield in transition dairy cows. These improvements in performance have been further described in terms of rumen characteristics, metabolic profile, and immune response. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a commercial yeast culture product (YC; Culture Classic HD, Phibro Animal Health) on performance, blood biomarkers, rumen fermentation, and rumen bacterial population in dairy cows from −30 to 50 d in milk (DIM). Forty Holstein dairy cows were enrolled in a randomized complete block design from −30 to 50 DIM and blocked according to expected calving day, parity, previous milk yield, and genetic merit. At −30 DIM, cows were assigned to either a basal diet plus 114 g/d of ground corn (control; n = 20) or a basal diet plus 100 g/d of ground corn and 14 g/d of YC (n = 20), fed as a top-dress. Cows received the same close-up diet from 30 d prepartum until calving [1.39 Mcal/kg of dry matter (DM) and 12.3% crude protein (CP)] and lactation diet from calving to 50 DIM (1.60 Mcal/kg of DM and 15.6% CP). Blood samples and rumen fluid were collected at various time points from −30 to 50 d relative to calving. Cows fed YC compared with control showed a trend for increased energy-corrected milk (+3.2 kg/d). Lower somatic cell counts were observed in YC cows than in control. We detected a treatment × time interaction in nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) that could be attributed to a trend for greater NEFA in YC cows than control at 7 DIM, followed by lower NEFA in YC cows than control at 14 and 30 DIM. In the rumen, YC contributed to mild changes in rumen fermentation, mainly increasing postpartal valerate while decreasing prepartal isovalerate. This was accompanied by alterations in rumen microbiota, including a greater abundance of cellulolytic (Fibrobacter succinogenes) and lactate-utilizing bacteria (Megasphaera elsdenii). These results describe the potential benefits of supplementing yeast culture during the late pregnancy through early lactation, at least in terms of rumen environment and performance.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)10727-10743
Numero di pagine17
RivistaJournal of Dairy Science
Volume104
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • rumen bacteria
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • yeast culture
  • Animals
  • Biomarkers
  • Cattle
  • Diet
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Female
  • Fermentation
  • Fibrobacter
  • Lactation
  • Milk
  • Pregnancy
  • Rumen
  • transition cow

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